5 STAGES OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
During the initial three stages of kidney failure through strict diet and medications, it is possible to control and minimize the damage to the kidneys. However, in the last two stages of kidney disease the kidneys have significant enough damage to where they cannot be controlled with medication alone.
Stage 1 CKD:
In the first stage the kidneys are generally undamaged, but have slightly diminished function. This stage is the most difficult to diagnose CKD, so even if caught, it can be treated as acute kidney failure (which is reversible) until proven otherwise.
GFR is high to moderately high (>90 mL/min/1.73 m2).
Learn more about stage 1
Stage 2 CKD:
Slightly more kidney damage at this stage, but this, too, would only be detectable by a blood or urinalysis, or through X-rays or other imaging scans.
GFR begins to drop at this stage (60-89 mL/min/1.73 m2).
Learn more about stage 2
Stage 3 A & B CKD:
At this point, CKD should be established, and a patient should be experiencing discomfort and illness due to malfunctioning kidneys. There are two parts to stage 3.
GFR for Stage 3A is 45-59 mL/min
GFR for Stage 3B is 30-44 mL/min.
Learn more about stage 3 A & B
Stage 4 CKD:
By this stage, you should be preparing for renal therapies like a transplant or dialysis.
GFR is severely reduced (15-29 mL/min/1.73 m2)
Learn more about stage 4
Stage 5 CKD:
This is end stage renal failure, and at this point the options are dialysis or a kidney transplant. Remember: This isn't the end of your life, just a new chapter in living with chronic kidney disease.
Learn more about stage 5
WARNING: Starfruit also known as caramobla can be life threatening for those on dialysis. Research has shown that starfruit contains a nerve toxin that can cause confusion, agitation, and in some causes death.